There is currently no uniform legal framework for the calculation and setting the tariff for the passenger transportation in Russia.
The principal difference between guidelines which have been developed from the other documents is that the paper developed a mechanism for determining the economically reasonable cost of 1 km of vehicle travel on the route. This price will allow carriers not only compensate for all commercially reasonable costs, but also make a profit that provides sustainable economic activity and replacement of fixed assets.
Currently, the regions either make an annual indexation of available rates for the carriage of passengers or rely on their own methods, which do not allow carriers to operate without losses, and often do not allow determining the correct economically justified price. Usually, when setting prices for passenger transportation local governments are guided by the paying capacity of the population, but it does not completely compensate for the lost revenue.
The resulting calculation of the planned cost of the work (provision of a certain amount and type vehicles on the route) of one or more carriers on specific routes chosen made in accordance with the methodology recommendations, is the basis for settlements between carriers and customers of passenger services.
The price of the planned work can be used by state (municipal) customers of passenger services to determine the fare for one passenger; however, this rate does not take into account the paying capacity of the population.
Accordingly, the authorities who are setting tariffs are able to:
- Set a tariff for the passenger transportation, based on the guidelines, not taking the paying capacity into account, and to subsidize the carrier only for providing services to passengers who are entitled to benefits;
- Pay the carrier for the work (actual mileage of the provided vehicles) on the basis of the price calculated by using the guidelines, and set the tariff for the passenger transportation taking the paying capacity into account;
- Give the right to the carrier itself impose a tariff for the passenger transportation, based on the cost of its services.In accordance with the Federal Law from June 14, 2012 № 78-FZ, a new concept of the tachograph was introduced, which records not only the registration of the work and rest ratio of the vehicle drivers, but also the information about the speed and travel route.
Currently 4 models of tachographs were tested to meet the requirements.
The developed procedure of equipping the vehicles with tachographs points on the need to install only the new models of tachographs on the means of transport for commercial passenger and freight transportation.
The order provides for the use of not only the new model tachographs, but also the means of technical control which meet the requirements of the Technical Regulations for wheeled vehicles and the requirements of the international agreements of the AETR till April 1, 2015.
Inability to use "old-style" tachographs after April 1, 2015 is determined by their lack of function of recording and storing information about the speed and route of the vehicle provided by 78-FZ.
In accordance with established procedures, taking into account the need for coordination with the concerned authorities and the carrying out the procedure of public discussion of the draft order "On Approval of the Procedure of equipping the vehicles with tachographs", it is expected that the Order will come into force not earlier than July 1, 2013.
The RF Ministry of Internal Affairs informed that prior to the publication of this Order, the application of fines for not using new model tachographs established by Article 11.23 of the Administrative Code, is premature, as the owners of the vehicles are not able to equip the tachographs in the manner prescribed by law, as stated in a letter by the RF Ministry of Transport from April 23 this year.